Understanding the Diastolic Blood Pressure Readings
What Is Diastolic Blood Pressure?
Diastolic blood pressure is the lower number in a blood pressure reading and is the measurement of your heart, in the relaxed state, between beats. It is a possibility for some to have low diastolic blood pressure while the systolic pressure remains normal. This condition of low diastolic and normal systolic blood pressure is called isolated diastolic hypotension. On the other hand, some people have high diastolic blood pressure and normal systolic blood pressure, and this condition is isolated diastolic hypertension. Either way, any fluctuations in the diastolic blood pressure reading are just as risky for your heart as those in systolic blood pressure.
What Does An Elevated Diastolic Blood Pressure Reading Indicate?
Minimal elevations in diastolic blood pressure (5-10 mmHg or less than 95 mmHg) alone do not pose an immediate health risk. However, that depends on whether you are in good health and do not have any additional health issues that put you at risk of developing cardiovascular problems. These health problems include kidney disease, diabetes, obesity, thickening of the arteries, or even a history of heart disease.
If you aren’t affected by any of these additional risk factors, regular monitoring of blood pressure and leading a healthy lifestyle is all you need to do to keep your blood pressure at normal. Avoid elevated levels of diastolic blood pressure as it may give rise to high systolic blood pressure, putting you at higher-than-average risk.
In case you are suffering from isolated diastolic hypotension, the muscles of your heart receive less oxygenated blood when your heart relaxes. It weakens your heart and could lead to heart failure. And if your arteries have narrowed, it could lead to coronary heart disease as well. So, how do you identify the symptoms of low diastolic blood pressure?
The symptoms include:
Note: If you notice any of these symptoms, contact your cardiologist or physician immediately.
Whether it’s low or elevated diastolic blood pressure or high systolic blood pressure, effective management of blood pressure is crucial. If left untreated, it can have serious, long-term consequences and life-threatening health issues. Therefore, follow these next steps to ensure your blood pressure remains normal.
- Keep your salt intake to between 1.5-4 grams per day. Ideally, one should take only about 3.5 grams of salt in their food. You can do this by including low-sodium foods in your diet and avoiding added salt in your cooking.
- Eat a heart-healthy diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables, and include whole grains. For protein, stick to lean meats and fish and avoid fatty and saturated foods.
- Drink enough fluids and avoid alcohol as it increases your risk for dehydration and can elevate blood pressure levels.
- Stay physically active and begin with an exercise program. However, before you alter your daily regimen, check with your doctor regarding the safest exercises for you, and the duration of each activity to avoid any mishaps.
- Maintain a healthy weight and avoid fluctuations in weight. If you’re overweight, ask your cardiologist or physician to help you with a safe weight loss plan.
- Whether you smoke regularly or occasionally, quit smoking altogether. Other than elevating your blood pressure, smoking harms your overall health.
You must detect and treat any heart or blood pressure related issues at an early stage to get effective treatment. Diastolic blood pressure is just as significant as systolic blood pressure in maintaining your heart health. Therefore, to address the situation effectively, make an appointment with your doctor. They will assess and monitor your blood pressure and the health of your heart and will help you develop a proper plan based on your medical history and other health issues.
Note of Caution: This article is for information purpose only. Always consult your doctor in case of any blood pressure or other health related problems.