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How To Treat Low Blood Pressure During Periods?

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Many women may find menstruation to be a challenging period, as it can bring physical discomfort. Some may also experience low blood pressure during their menstrual cycle, which can lead to feelings of dizziness, lightheadedness, and, in some cases, fainting. Dealing with low blood pressure during menstruation may feel overwhelming. Still, with the right amount of care and attention, it’s achievable to maintain your health and activity levels throughout your menstrual cycle. 

Understanding the Causes of Low Blood Pressure During Menstruation

Hormonal fluctuations within the menstrual cycle exert a significant influence on your blood vessels, causing them to widen and consequently reducing blood pressure. Simultaneously, the blood loss experienced during menstruation can contribute to a decrease in blood volume, further promoting low blood pressure. Another key contributor is dehydration. Many women experience heightened perspiration and increased urination during their period, which can lead to dehydration if fluid intake is insufficient.

Dehydration and hypertension during menstruation can precipitate a drop in blood pressure. It’s essential to recognize that persistent low blood pressure during menstruation could be indicative of underlying medical conditions, such as anemia or hypothyroidism. Should you find yourself grappling with continual low blood pressure during your menstrual cycle, it’s essential to reach out to your healthcare provider.

They can conduct a thorough evaluation to rule out any potential medical concerns, ensuring your well-being and providing the necessary guidance to manage your health during this time. Remember, you’re not alone in this, and support is readily available to help you feel your best. 

Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure During Menstruation

Experiencing symptoms such as dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting or near-fainting episodes, nausea, or fatigue may indicate the presence of low BP during periods.

Experiencing lightheadedness shortly before or after your period is usually nothing to worry about. Before your period, it might be linked to premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or PMDD.

After your period, it could be related to factors such as anemia since your body keeps increasing the production of red blood cells to compensate for heavy bleeding. It may also be due to fatigue resulting from your menstrual cycle.

Nevertheless, it’s advisable to consult your doctor if lightheadedness persists for an extended duration or significantly disrupts your daily life.

In general, pain is a well-known trigger for vasovagal syncope. When you experience period pain or any other type of pain, your body’s response can lead to changes that result in fainting. However, there may be something particular about period pain that raises the likelihood of fainting. It’s essential to understand these aspects to help you manage your well-being effectively.

Diagnosis and Testing for Low Blood Pressure During Menstruation

Your doctor might conduct diagnostic tests, like measuring your blood pressure and performing blood tests, to identify the root cause of your low blood pressure. They’ll also inquire about your symptoms and medical history to gain a clearer picture of your situation. Alongside medical assessments, there are lifestyle adjustments that can assist in managing low blood pressure during menstruation.

These involve maintaining good hydration, steering clear of alcohol and caffeine, and increasing your salt intake. It’s important to understand that low blood pressure during menstruation isn’t always a reason to be alarmed. Sometimes, it can be a normal physiological reaction to hormonal shifts. Your body may respond naturally, and this information is meant to reassure you that it’s not necessarily a cause for worry.

Medications Used to Treat Low Blood Pressure During Menstruation

In certain instances, you may need medication to address low blood pressure during menstruation. Your healthcare provider might recommend midodrine or fludrocortisone to boost blood pressure. These medications function by narrowing blood vessels and augmenting overall blood volume.

It’s essential to remember that you must take these medications only under the guidance of a healthcare professional due to potential side effects. For instance, midodrine can lead to headaches, nausea, and sleep difficulties, while fludrocortisone may result in fluid retention and potassium loss.

Apart from medication, making lifestyle adjustments can also be effective in managing menstruation low blood pressure. These changes may encompass increasing salt intake, maintaining proper hydration, and avoiding prolonged periods of standing or sitting. Incorporating regular exercise and stress management practices like yoga or meditation can also prove beneficial. These approaches ensure your well-being, and your healthcare provider is here to guide you.

Lifestyle Changes to Manage Low Blood Pressure During Menstruation

Evidence indicates that diets rich in omega-3 fatty acids, adequate calcium and vitamin D, and low in animal fats, salt, and caffeine can potentially reduce the risk of troublesome PMS symptoms. 

Lean meats like red meat or chicken are essential sources of iron and protein, particularly for women with heavy periods. It’s wise to avoid saturated fats such as butter, cream, bacon, and potato chips while limiting your salt and caffeine intake. Increasing your fluid intake through drinking more water and soothing herbal teas like chamomile is recommended.

Boost your intake of calcium-rich foods like nuts, low-fat dairy products, fish containing bones, such as salmon and sardines, and tofu, as well as vegetables like broccoli and bok choy. This information is intended to be informative and supportive of your overall well-being.

  1. Physical Activity and Exercise

    Women who engage in regular exercise rarely experience menstrual pain, cramps, and mood disturbances. Exercising regularly can trigger the release of ‘happy’ hormones like serotonin and endorphins, which might account for these positive effects.

  2. Exercise can help improve circulation and reduce the risk of fainting

    Regular exercise actively enhances circulation and reduces the risk of fainting. When you engage in exercise, your heart rate increases, prompting your heart to pump more oxygen-rich blood. This improved circulation ensures that your vital organs receive an adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients, which are essential for maintaining consciousness and preventing fainting episodes.

    Furthermore, exercise actively promotes the growth of new blood vessels and strengthens existing ones, thereby enhancing the overall efficiency of your circulatory system. As a result, individuals who incorporate regular exercise into their routines are better equipped to maintain proper blood pressure, control their heart rate, and respond effectively to changes in posture, all of which collectively reduce the likelihood of fainting.

  3. Low-impact exercises during menstruation

    During menstruation, low-impact exercises offer a comforting and effective way to stay active. These gentle forms of physical activity, such as yoga, swimming, or walking, minimize discomfort and fatigue often associated with menstrual cycles. They alleviate cramps, reduce bloating, and improve overall well-being without putting excessive strain on the body.

    Low-impact exercises also enhance blood circulation, easing menstrual symptoms and reducing the risk of clot formation. Engaging in these activities helps individuals maintain their fitness routines and promotes relaxation and balance during this often challenging time of the month.


Experiencing low blood pressure during menstruation can be both frustrating and emotionally challenging. To effectively manage these symptoms, it’s vital to take an active role. Begin by discussing your health concerns with your doctor. They can provide personalized guidance and solutions to address low blood pressure during your menstrual cycle.

Additionally, finding support can be immensely comforting. Consider joining a support group to connect with others who share similar experiences. Sharing stories and strategies can offer reassurance and a sense of belonging. You can even check out other articles that may help you keep your BP in control.

Note of caution: This article is for information purpose only. Always consult your doctor in case of any other blood pressure-related troubles.
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