Signs and Symptoms of High Blood Pressure/Hypertension
Are There Warning Signs and Symptoms of High Blood Pressure?
Hypertension is often referred to as the ‘silent killer’ meaning that almost one-third of the people who suffer from high blood pressure have absolutely no clue about it. Most of the time there are no hypertension symptoms and that is the biggest worry as the person suffering from it may already have damage to some major organs such as heart, brain, arteries, and kidneys without being aware of it.
Regular blood pressure testing is the only conclusive way to make sure that your blood pressure is in the normal range.
Actually, hypertension happens when least expected, but if you pay attention to your body, it might send out some early signs of high blood pressure. Patients who have uncomplicated high blood pressure may experience these particular changes:
- Blurring of vision
- Shortness of breath
The symptoms of high blood pressure depend on the severity and duration of pressure so, patients who suffer from extremely high blood pressure the symptoms to watch out for would include:
- Severe headaches: During hypertension, the headache feels anything like migraine or your causal head pain. It is a lot more intense than normal and becomes extremely difficult to deal with.
- Chest pains: The chest pain during hypertension is caused due to decreased blood flow to the heart and leads to heart diseases.
- Difficulty while breathing: This is the first symptom of high blood pressure and usually occurs during everyday activities, such as climbing stairs.
- Irregular heartbeats: A key biological trigger makes the heart beat stronger in response to higher blood pressure. It feels like loud poundings in the chest.
- Fatigue: Fatigue can be the symptom of heart or kidney damage as a result of high blood pressure.
- Memory loss & confusion: Increasing damage to the brain blood vessels caused by untreated hypertension. This could also lead to memory loss.
- Nosebleeds: Hypertension causes the blood vessels in your nose to be more susceptible to damage and increase bleeding time .
Risks Of Uncontrolled Hypertension:
Ignoring hypertension symptoms could be dangerous to your health as uncontrolled hypertension increases the risk of severe damage to the body’s vital organs. Untreated high blood pressure can:
- Affect the arteries & heart which may lead to a heart attack
- Impair the function of kidneys leading to water retention, swelling in legs and in severe cases even kidney failure
- Affect the eyes causing vision damage
- Impede brain function which may result in dementia or a stroke
High blood pressure generally develops over a period of time, with causes of hypertension ranging from genetic history, obesity, lack of exercise, smoking, consumption of alcohol, high sodium & low potassium diet, stress and unhealthy lifestyle choices.
Fortunately for patients, high blood pressure can be detected early, treated, and monitored. To help control hypertension and avoid the consequences of high blood pressure, make sure you get your blood pressure checked regularly from your doctor. In addition, eat well, sleep well, exercise on a regular basis and lead a healthy life.
Consult Your Doctor To Find Out If You Have High Blood Pressure Or Hypertension
Note of caution: This article is for information purpose only. Always consult your doctor before altering any diet plans, medications or in case of any other blood pressure related troubles.
1. How do you feel when you have high blood pressure?
Most people who have high blood pressure might not know they have it. In some cases, the symptoms aren’t clear, or the patient doesn’t feel anything. Some people feel the most common hypertension symptoms like chest pains, nosebleeds, shortness in breadth, immediate fatigue, or tiredness.
2. How do you know if your blood pressure is high or low?
The normal blood pressure reading is 120/80. If the reading is higher than the normal, say 130/90, it means the blood pressure is high, and if the reading is lower than normal, say 105/65, it indicates low blood pressure.
3. What does blood pressure indicate?
Blood pressure indicates the normal flow of blood in the body. Since the heart’s primary function is to pump blood, the pressure created when the blood leaves the heart is called systolic pressure. The pressure exerted when the heart rests between the beats is called diastolic pressure. Both the systolic and diastolic pressure indicates the reading of the heart.
4. What are the three symptoms of high blood pressure?
Some commonly observed symptoms of high blood pressure include:
1. Heaviness in the chest – A certain heaviness or even chest pains are observed.
2. Shortness in breadth – Feeling heavy breathing or difficulty is a definite sign.
3. Prolonged headaches – If your headache lasts longer than 2 days, then it should be checked.