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Risks of Pre-Hypertension

Medically Reviewed by Dr. Amar Patil, MD Medicine

The Risks of Pre-Hypertension
Pre-Hypertension has been described as the systolic pressure between 120-139 millimetres of mercury. In diastolic pressure, it is between 80-89mm Hg. Blood pressure can be controlled, but in some cases, it can get out of hand. High blood pressure is often known as the ‘Silent Killer’. Most people don’t even know they have it as the symptoms take time to show up, and in some cases, they do not show up.

What Are The Stages Of Prehypertension?

There are two stages of prehypertension, namely:

  • Stage 1:
    Stage 1 Hypertension In this stage, your systolic is between 140 and 159 mm Hg, and your diastolic is between 90 to 99 mm Hg. This is known as the mild stage of high blood pressure. When your pressure is around here, it can be controlled and brought back to normal. When your blood pressure is at this level, you can easily control it via lifestyle changes and get it back to a normal level. There are many over-the-counter drugs and medications you can take to help you achieve a normal blood pressure level.
  • Stage 2:
    Stage 2 Hypertension In this stage, your systolic is 160 mm Hg or higher. Your diastolic is 100 mm Hg or higher. In this stage, your blood pressure is too high. This is when you need to get proper medical aid from professionals. You will have to make a drastic change in your lifestyle and medical treatment to bring your high blood pressure back to normal.

What Are The Risk Factors Of Prehypertension:

The risk factors of prehypertension are as follows:

  • Family history:Family history
    If your family has a history of prehypertension, you get a higher chance of getting it.
  • Low levels of physical activity:Low levels of physical activity:
    If you do not exercise and do not have much physical activity, increase your risk of getting prehypertension.
  • Smoking:Smoking
    If you are a smoker, then your chances of getting prehypertension increases.
  • Being overweight:Being overweight
    If you do not watch your weight and go over, your chances of developing prehypertension increase.
  • Overworking and sleep deprivation:Overworking and sleep deprivation
    If you overwork your body and do not get proper amounts of sleep, then the chances of you developing prehypertension is drastically increased.

How To Treat Prehypertension?

Depending on which stage your prehypertension is, you can follow the following tips to bring it down:

  • Lose weight:Lose weight
    Excessive weight is one of the main reasons for prehypertension.
  • Exercise:Exercise
    Exercise helps you regulate your weight and helps in relaxation, and lowers your stress levels.
  • Change your diet:Change your diet
    Improve your diet with green vegetables and meats, and low-fat dairy.
  • Avoid foods high in cholesterolAvoid foods high in cholesterol, low in saturated fats, and trans fats.
  • Lower your sodium levelsLower your sodium levels.

In conclusion, high blood pressure and prehypertension can be easily solved via a change in lifestyle or medication. You do not have to live with it, and the lifestyle change isn’t too dramatic. You just need to stay fit and healthy, which will reduce your stress levels and prevent you from getting other dangerous diseases. Treating prehypertension should be done at the earliest stage to prevent things from getting out of hand. If treated on time, then you will not be at risk of other health-related issues. If not treated on time, your condition can worsen, leading to multiple health-related problems that cannot be solved easily.

Note of caution: This article is for information purpose only. Always consult your doctor in case of any blood pressure or other health-related problems.

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