Treatments for High Blood Pressure
If you are at risk, or even diagnosed with high BP, the first line of treatment for hypertension that helps lower blood pressure, and one that doctors recommend, is an altered healthier lifestyle which includes:
- A low sodium, high fibre diet
- Maintaining proper weight in relation to BMI
- Regular exercise (at least 30 minutes of physical activity daily)
- No smoking & low alcohol consumption
- Stress management
If lifestyle changes do not help lower blood pressure then it is advised to take a high blood pressure treatment from a doctor. This treatment will include a healthier daily routine, with some high blood pressure medication such as:
- Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
- Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
- Calcium Channel Blockers
- Beta Blockers
- Renin Inhibitors
- Alpha Blockers
- Alpha-Beta Blockers
- Central-Acting Agents
- Aldosterone Antagonists
Doctors generally prescribe diuretics as a first hypertension treatment. Diuretics or water pills remove excess water and sodium from the body, thus lessening the fluids flowing in the blood vessels, helping reduce the pressure on vessel walls.
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors –
The ACE inhibitors relax blood vessels by preventing the formation of a hormone called angiotensin. This angiotensin is a substance in the body that narrows blood vessels.
Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs) –
The ARBs help relax the blood vessels by blocking the action of angiotensin (which are responsible for narrowing the blood vessels).
Calcium Channel Blockers –
Calcium channel blockers, as the name suggests, prevent calcium from entering the heart and blood vessel muscle cells which helps the cells to relax.
Beta Blockers –
Beta-blockers are also called as beta-adrenergic blocking agents. These beta-blockers check the effect of the hormone adrenaline and help the heart to beat slower and with lesser force.
Renin Inhibitors –
The kidneys produce an enzyme called as renin that increases blood pressure. Renin inhibitors slow down the production of renin thus reducing their ability to increase blood pressure.
Alpha Blockers –
Alpha blockers prevent the hormone norepinephrine (noradrenaline) from narrowing the muscles in the arteries and veins and helps the vessels to remain open and relaxed.
Alpha-Beta Blockers –
Alpha-beta blockers function in a similar manner as the beta blockers and are generally prescribed to patients with high blood pressure with a risk of heart failure.
Central-Acting Agents –
Central-acting agents block the signals from the brain to the nervous system for speeding up the heart rate and narrowing the blood vessels. This helps the heart pump less fast and also helps blood flow easily through the blood vessels.
Vasodilators help widen (dilate) blood vessels and prevent their walls from narrowing which facilitates easier blood flow through the blood vessels and also helps slow the pumping of the heart.
Aldosterone Antagonists –
Aldosterone antagonists are generally prescribed to patients (along with another drug, mostly a diuretic) whose hypertension or high BP is difficult to treat such as elderly people, diabetics, heart patients, etc.
Hypertension is a lifetime disease and hence one needs to be careful about it. Medications at any cost should not be stopped without a doctor’s consultation.
Although hypertension should not be taken lightly, it can be controlled with the right high blood pressure treatment. Hypertensive people can lead a healthy and active life.
Hypertension is essentially what we call a lifestyle disease. With the right hypertension treatment and lifestyle modifications, you can definitely counter its effects to lead a stress-free life every day.
Note of caution: This article is for information purpose only. Always consult your doctor before altering any diet plans, medications or in case of any other blood pressure-related troubles.