Hypertension FAQs. Answered
As per WHO, more than 1 billion people are suffering from hypertension worldwide, with the majority of them living in low-income countries. Lifestyle choices such as drinking alcohol, smoking, and lack of exercise have increased hypertension symptoms in the current generation.
Often, hypertension doesn’t show any symptoms for years, making people believe that they are healthy. It slowly damages the body leading to serious health complications and increases the risk of heart diseases, stroke, and death.
Despite this evident severity of hypertension, there’s still not enough awareness about the medical condition. People often find themselves caught off-guard when asked about hypertension, its causes, effects, and treatment. When diagnosed, a lot of patients and caregivers have questions about managing hypertension. Through this article, we’ve tried to answer some of the most frequently asked questions by hypertensives.
What Is Hypertension?
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a common condition in which the blood pressure is high against your artery walls. Based on the research, half of the adults will or have been diagnosed with this condition. It can damage blood vessels and organs, especially the brain, heart, kidneys, and eyes.
I’ve Never Had It Before, Why Now?
The cause of high blood pressure is not known. It is often the result of an underlying condition which could be due to:
How To Measure And Understand The Readings?
The high blood pressure reading is measured in millimetres of mercury (mm Hg), which is written as Systolic Pressure. This shows the pressure in arteries when your heart beats and pumps out blood. The pressure in your arteries between beats of the heart is read as Diastolic Pressure.
What Are The Complications?
Excessive pressure on artery walls due to high blood pressure causes damage to the body’s blood vessels and organs. It can further lead to:
What Are The Treatments?
Your doctor can determine the best treatment for high blood pressure after considering the type of hypertension and its causes. Following are some important aspects that are included in a hypertension treatment plan as prescribed by doctors.
What Sort Of Dietary Changes Should I Make?
A healthy diet such as DASH (dietary approaches to stop hypertension) is recommended to lower high blood pressure. This includes-
When To See The Doctor?
If you have a severe headache, fatigue, double vision, or difficult breathing, contact your doctor. As hypertension doesn’t show symptoms for years, get tested for it annually. High blood pressure may require a doctor’s check-up at regular intervals.
If you have been diagnosed with hypertension, do not panic. Consult your doctor and gather as much info as you can on the disease that will help take care of your body.
Move towards positive lifestyle changes such as exercise, adequate sleep, healthy food, and managing stress. This, along with the medication prescribed by your doctor, can help you in tackling it effectively.