Articles Treatments for Hypertension

Consuming Anti-Hypertensive Drugs for the Greater Good!

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Consuming Anti-Hypertensive Drugs for the Greater Good!

Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, has now become the most common disease and has been rightly declared as a silent killer. The advancement in medical science has given us hope to beat the silent killer. There are various ways in which you can measure your blood pressure, and with the help of that, you can categorise your hypertension to take your medications. High blood pressure leads to the risk of cardiovascular disease, which has become the talk of the town. But with the advancements of medicines in this sector, you can find yourself in relief. From the recent survey, hypertension medications can help you to lower the ten-year risk of cardiovascular disease by 20-30%.

There are different types of high blood pressure medications which helps us during the hypertensive crisis:

Diuretics It helps your body to get rid of an excessive amount of sodium and water (both of them creates a critical condition which makes the blood pressure rise), which will help your body to control hypertension.

Beta-blockers It helps to reduce the heart’s workload and decreases the heartbeat, which ends up lowering high blood pressure.

ACE Inhibitors
ACE Inhibitors Angiotensin is a chemical which makes the path in arteries in the whole body narrow, hence creating chaos and making the blood flow slow. ACE (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme) improves the blood vessels to open up and relax by helping the body to produce less angiotensin. It not only helps the blood to flow easily but also lowers the blood pressure.

Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers Angiotensin II receptor blockers are drug work similar to ACE Inhibitors. Usually, angiotensin chemicals need a receptor to try to compress the blood vessel to make the pathway narrow. Which is when ARBs come for the rescue, they block these receptors to tighten the blood vessel, and the blood pressure remains in balance.

Calcium Channel Blockers
Calcium Channel Blockers Calcium seems to be very important to our body, but it has a disadvantage when it enters the smooth muscle cells of heart and arteries because it causes a stronger and harder contraction. When the calcium level decreases, the heart’s contraction force also decreases. This drug, therefore, helps to block the way of calcium to reduce heart rate and lower blood pressure.

Combined Alpha And Beta-blockers
Combined Alpha And Beta-blockers This drug comes for rescue when there is a severe increase in blood pressure and has a high risk of heart failure.

Blood Vessel Dilators (Vasodilators)
Blood Vessel Dilators (Vasodilators) Vasodilators help the muscle in the blood vessels to expand and allow the blood to flow better, which causes the balance in blood pressure.

Medications are generally prescribed depending on the type of hypertension diagnosed. Some of the most common medications in this regard include the following.

Primary Hypertension
Primary Hypertension It is also known as essential hypertension. It has no identifiable secondary cause and is the most common type of blood pressure affecting 85% of those with this disease. Medication which can be useful for this type are:

  • Beta-blockers (metoprolol)
  • Calcium Channel blockers (Amlodipine)
  • Diuretics (Hydrochlorothiazide)
  • ACE Inhibitors (Captopril)
  • Angiotensin II Receptor blockers (Losartan)

Secondary Hypertension
Secondary Hypertension
It is caused by conditions that affect your organs like kidney, heart or endocrine system.
Drugs which help to cure this type are:

  • Beta-blockers
  • Thiazide diuretics
  • ACE inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II Receptor blockers
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Direct Renin Inhibitors (Aliskiren) (Sometimes combining the drugs also helps to cure the disease)

Malignant Hypertension
Malignant Hypertension It is a critical one because if you develop this BP, then it can damage some of your organs.
You may take these drugs for this type:

  • Vasodilators (Nitroprusside; Fenoldopam)
  • Beta-blockers (Labetalol)

Resistant Hypertension
Resistant Hypertension It is a type in which hypertension poorly responds to medical treatments and needs multiple medications. Drugs which helps to treat this type are:

  • Direct Vasodilators (Hydralazine; Minoxidil)

High blood pressure medications not only lower down your blood pressure but also give you a good lifestyle. It also decreases the chance of heart attack and stroke, which is common these days and makes your life more comfortable. However, the most and foremost thing to remember is that none of these medications should be consumed without the recommendation of your doctor or an expert cardiologist. Self-medication should be avoided, no matter what. One can meticulously control high blood pressure through an effective combination of doctor consultation, exercise, diet, medication and change in lifestyle.

Note of Caution: This article is for information purpose only. Always consult your doctor in case of any blood pressure or other health-related problems.

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