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Self-Care Tips for Hypertension Patients

Hypertension is a common condition that can come with age and an unhealthy lifestyle. Individuals with hypertension may not have any symptoms, which is why regular blood pressure (BP) checkup is essential. This is a crucial step towards hypertension treatment. If left untreated for long, hypertension can result in life-threatening complications like stroke or heart attack. Another thing that people often do not know is that there are different types of hypertension or high blood pressure conditions. Thus, each type has a different blood pressure treatment and a set of tips for patients.

Types of Hypertension

Different types of hypertension are:

  • Primary hypertension
  • Secondary hypertension
  • White-coat hypertension
  • Masked hypertension
  • Accelerated hypertension
  • Malignant hypertension
  • Hypertensive emergency
  • Isolated systolic hypertension
  • Resistant hypertension
  • Pseudo hypertension

Tips for Hypertension Patients

The most important step towards controlling hypertension is to consult your doctor and work out a thorough treatment plan.

  • DietDietA high-sodium and low-potassium diet contribute to the rise in blood pressure levels. A high blood pressure diet should, therefore, consist of higher potassium intake and lesser sodium intake. However, a potassium-rich diet may be harmful to people with kidney diseases and patients of resistant hypertension and hypertensive emergency. The best thing to do is to consult your doctor or ask a nutritionist for a personalized diet plan to maintain normal blood pressure.
  • Regular ExerciseRegular ExerciseExercise for high blood pressure helps in keeping a person active and maintaining healthy blood flow in the body. A person need not perform rigorous exercises. Rather, simply walking and jogging every day for a minimum of 40-45 minutes can be beneficial to lower blood pressure.
  • Maintaining WeightMaintaining WeightBeing overweight can add to the blood pressure trouble. Hence, maintaining weight is beneficial for every type of hypertension. Exercise for high blood pressure and a healthy diet help in maintaining a healthy weight and Body Mass Index (BMI).
  • LifestyleLifestyleAdopting a healthier lifestyle is today’s need. Strictly avoiding smoking and alcohol along with cutting down on unhealthy diet is essential for people with hypertension. Both smoking and alcohol not only harm the body in the long run but also cause an immediate increase in blood pressure.
  • Stress ManagementStress ManagementStress has immediate as well as long-term effects and adds to hypertension. Doctors often recommend stress management to hypertension patients. Meditation and yoga are two ways to manage stress, especially for people with white-coat and masked hypertension. Other stress-relieving measures that help in reducing stress and blood pressure include deep breathing, sauna bath, and therapies like acupuncture. Keeping calm in situations of stress is necessary for people with hypertension.
  • Regular MonitoringRegular MonitoringRegularly monitoring blood pressure is as important as a healthy diet and regular exercise. Not keeping a regular check on blood pressure may lead to a much higher rise in BP, causing severe complications like a heart attack or stroke. Malignant hypertension and hypertensive emergency may be detected early and managed effectively with regular BP monitoring.

Conclusion

Hypertension is a medical condition that can cause serious complications if not given proper medical attention and care. A little discipline and care is what it takes to manage any type of hypertension. Adopting a healthy lifestyle and regular BP monitoring are essential in today’s life. To know more about hypertension and how to control it, check out our other articles.

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Comments (8)

Kinjal

What kind of a diet needs to be followed by a hypertension patient?

BPincontrol Team

A healthy diet which is rich in vitamins and minerals would be the ideal diet. But to be specific, a diet with high potassium intake and very low sodium intake would be the right diet to follow. Having high sodium or low potassium foods contribute to the rise in blood pressure levels. However, a potassium-rich diet could also be harmful to people with kidney diseases and patients of resistant hypertension and hypertensive emergency. The best thing to do is consult your doctor or ask a nutritionist for a personalised diet plan to maintain regular blood pressure.

Suraj

What kind of lifestyle needs to be followed by a hypertension patient?

BPincontrol Team

The ideal lifestyle to be followed would revolve around 3 key areas; 1. Weight control: Being overweight can add to the blood pressure trouble. Hence, maintaining weight is beneficial for every type of hypertension. Exercise for high blood pressure and a healthy diet help in maintaining a healthy weight and BMI. Exercising also keeps a person active and helps in healthy blood flow in the body. A person need not perform rigorous exercises. Rather, simply walking and jogging every day can be beneficial. 2. lifestyle Habits: Smoking and alcohol are part of today’s unhealthy and sedentary lifestyle. Therefore, avoiding them both along with cutting down on a high BP diet is important for people with hypertension. Both smoking and alcohol not only harms the body in the long run but also causes an immediate increase in the blood pressure. 3. Stress Management: Stress has direct effects and influence on hypertension. Doctors often recommend stress management to hypertension patients. Meditation and yoga are two ways to manage stress, especially for people with white-coat and masked hypertension. Other stress-relieving measures include deep breathing, sauna bath, and therapies like acupuncture.

Sunil

Is it necessary for hypertension patients to regularly monitor blood pressure?

BPincontrol Team

Yes it is. Hypertension is a medical condition that can cause serious complications if not given proper medical attention and care. Having a discipline and a regularized routine is essential to manage any type of hypertension. So along with maintaining a healthy lifestyle and exercising regularly, it’s very important to regularly monitor the blood pressure. Not keeping a regular check on blood pressure may lead to severe complications like kidney problems or even heart attack or stroke, in people with malignant hypertension and hypertensive emergencies.

Aayushi

Is there more than one type of Hypertension?

BPincontrol Team

Yes, there are many types of Hypertension, also known as High Blood Pressure. The condition is characterised by alarmingly high blood pressure readings and rarely observed symptoms. It’s therefore essential to keep monitoring your blood pressure regularly after the age of 18. Five of the most commonly found types of hypertension include: 1. Primary Hypertension: This is the most common type of hypertension. Generally, it is caused by genetic reasons and can worsen due to lifestyle habits. 2. Secondary Hypertension: In this case there is a definite reason for occurrence of hypertension - like prevailing medical conditions such as Narrowing of arteries Side effects of medications Hormonal and thyroidal changes, etc. 3. White-coat hypertension: White-coat hypertension is a psychologically induced form of hypertension that occurs when a patient enters a medical environment, like a doctor’s office or a hospital. 4. Masked hypertension: The exact opposite of white-coat hypertension. Which means patients have normal blood pressure readings in the presence of a doctor and high readings when they measure at home.  5. Pseudo hypertension: This is a rare condition in which the walls of arteries are very stiff and the cuff of the blood pressure monitor has to be tightened with high pressure to get a reading. In this condition, the blood pressure readings are often much higher than actual.

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