Self-Care Tips for Hypertension Patients
Hypertension is a common condition that can come with age and an unhealthy lifestyle. Individuals with hypertension may not have any symptoms, which is why regular blood pressure (BP) checkup is essential. This is a crucial step towards hypertension treatment. If left untreated for long, hypertension can result in life-threatening complications like stroke or heart attack. Another thing that people often do not know is that there are different types of hypertension or high blood pressure conditions. Thus, each type has a different blood pressure treatment and a set of tips for patients.
Types of Hypertension
Different types of hypertension are:
- Primary hypertension
- Secondary hypertension
- White-coat hypertension
- Masked hypertension
- Accelerated hypertension
- Malignant hypertension
- Hypertensive emergency
- Isolated systolic hypertension
- Resistant hypertension
- Pseudo hypertension
Tips for Hypertension Patients
The most important step towards controlling hypertension is to consult your doctor and work out a thorough treatment plan.
- DietA high-sodium and low-potassium diet contribute to the rise in blood pressure levels. A high blood pressure diet should, therefore, consist of higher potassium intake and lesser sodium intake. However, a potassium-rich diet may be harmful to people with kidney diseases and patients of resistant hypertension and hypertensive emergency. The best thing to do is to consult your doctor or ask a nutritionist for a personalized diet plan to maintain normal blood pressure.
- Regular ExerciseExercise for high blood pressure helps in keeping a person active and maintaining healthy blood flow in the body. A person need not perform rigorous exercises. Rather, simply walking and jogging every day for a minimum of 40-45 minutes can be beneficial to lower blood pressure.
- Maintaining WeightBeing overweight can add to the blood pressure trouble. Hence, maintaining weight is beneficial for every type of hypertension. Exercise for high blood pressure and a healthy diet help in maintaining a healthy weight and Body Mass Index (BMI).
- LifestyleAdopting a healthier lifestyle is today’s need. Strictly avoiding smoking and alcohol along with cutting down on unhealthy diet is essential for people with hypertension. Both smoking and alcohol not only harm the body in the long run but also cause an immediate increase in blood pressure.
- Stress ManagementStress has immediate as well as long-term effects and adds to hypertension. Doctors often recommend stress management to hypertension patients. Meditation and yoga are two ways to manage stress, especially for people with white-coat and masked hypertension. Other stress-relieving measures that help in reducing stress and blood pressure include deep breathing, sauna bath, and therapies like acupuncture. Keeping calm in situations of stress is necessary for people with hypertension.
- Regular MonitoringRegularly monitoring blood pressure is as important as a healthy diet and regular exercise. Not keeping a regular check on blood pressure may lead to a much higher rise in BP, causing severe complications like a heart attack or stroke. Malignant hypertension and hypertensive emergency may be detected early and managed effectively with regular BP monitoring.
Hypertension is a medical condition that can cause serious complications if not given proper medical attention and care. A little discipline and care is what it takes to manage any type of hypertension. Adopting a healthy lifestyle and regular BP monitoring are essential in today’s life. To know more about hypertension and how to control it, check out our other articles.