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The Relation Between Anxiety and Hypertension

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The Relation Between Anxiety and Hypertension

Introduction To Anxiety And Hypertension
Ever wondered how to reduce blood pressure? There are ample treatments for hypertension available, but before we get there, we must understand the relationship between anxiety and hypertension. Anxiety has been touted to be one of the common causes that go hand in hand with hypertension.

While hypertension is defined as having a systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher and a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg,. aAnxiety is characterized as an intense feeling of worry or fear. Anxiety is known to cause very evident physical symptoms such as increased heart rate, high blood pressure, sometimes even perspiration.

Impact Of Anxiety On Hypertension
Impact Of Anxiety On HypertensionAnxiety causes high blood pressure, but it is usually temporary or transient. In most cases, once the anxiety subsides, the blood pressure usually returns to normal. However, chronic anxiety with stress can result in chronically high blood pressure or hypertension. The reason anxiety causes hypertension has to do with your hormones.

When you are anxious, your body releases the stress hormone such as adrenaline, noradrenaline, etc., which triggers an increase in heart rate and brings about the narrowing of your blood vessels. Both these events cause an increase in blood pressure. In fact, before understanding how to reduce blood pressure, the exact cause of it must be determined, and if it is anxiety, it must be treated simultaneously.

Impact Of Hypertension On Anxiety
Impact Of Hypertension On AnxietyThough anxiety causes high blood pressure and is the culprit, we cannot rule out the fact that hypertension can cause anxiety in some people. This is because many people who are diagnosed with hypertension begin worrying about their health and future, developing anxiety in the process. Though hypertension is a silent condition and doesn’t give out signs or symptoms too often, sometimes the occasional headaches, blurred vision, bleeding from the nose are enough to cause an anxiety attack.

Sometimes, anxiety and low blood pressure may also be seen in some people. This occurs because intense anxiety attacks can cause a sudden drop in blood pressure, leading to low blood pressure instead of high.

Treatments For Anxiety
Feeling anxiety once in a while is normal. But experiencing it too often and for long periods has adverse effects on the body and mind. The most common treatment options for anxiety include–

  • Doctor Consultation:Doctor consultationThis is the first and foremost step that has to be taken in such a scenario. Consulting your family doctor or an expert cardiologist will help you understand the exact nature of the problem.
  • Psychotherapy Sessions:Psychotherapy sessionsMultiple psychotherapy sessions with a psychiatrist or a counsellor can help manage anxiety symptoms. Some psychiatrists use Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, and people are trained to accept situations without anxiety.
  • Adopt Healthy Lifestyle Changes:Adopt healthy lifestyle changesMake small changes in your lifestyle that can help you manage your anxiety. Some of these include– breathing exercises, meditation, regular workouts, getting adequate sleep, having a healthy high blood pressure diet, reducing stressful situations in your daily life, practicing optimism, etc. In people who do not achieve anxiety control with supportive measures, drug treatment may be initiated to control it. One should note that visiting a psychiatrist may prove beneficial in many people with hypertension.

Treatments for Hypertension
Hypertension treatment usually begins with lifestyle changes. Some people will also need medications to help control their blood pressure levels.

Lifestyle changes for treating hypertension include–

  • Regularly visiting the doctorRegularly visiting the doctor.
  • Eating a healthy, fiber-rich diet with more fruits and veggiesEating a healthy, fiber-rich diet with more fruits and veggies.
  • Low sodium and high fiber dietReducing or avoiding salt in their diet.
  • Avoiding smoking and alcoholAvoid caffeine, tobacco, and alcohol.
  • Regular exerciseRegular workouts and exercise.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight and BMIWeight management to stay within the optimal BMI range.

Medications may be prescribed based on each individual patient’s condition and requirement.

Conclusion
There is a clear link between anxiety and hypertension, and suffering from one of these conditions chronically can give rise to the other as well. Getting anxiety and hypertension treated together is the best way to manage both conditions.

Note of Caution: This article is for information purpose only. Always consult your doctor in case of any blood pressure or other health-related problems.

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Comments (8)

Ankit

How do I control my anxiety?

BPincontrol Team

Hello, There are various ways through which you can control your anxiety. Lifestyle and diet changes could be one of them. Depending on your body type and conditions, you should choose solutions. There are also therapies that could help you control your anxiety. The best solution would be to consult an expert for this.

Laxmi

What are the effective ways to control blood pressure?

BPincontrol Team

Hello, The causes of increased blood pressure could be many; it could be genetics or lifestyle choices; you should be clear about that first. Apart from that, you could always switch to a healthy diet, walk or exercise regularly. Keep monitoring your blood pressure levels, and do visit a physician for further clarity. A professional can help you better on this. You can find the nearest doctor here: Find a physician. Stay safe, stay healthy.

Chetan

My dad has hypertension, will I have it too?

BPincontrol Team

Hello, Hypertension usually runs in the family; if your mother or father has hypertension, then there are chances that you might also have hypertension. Although there are ways to control it, the best way to be sure about hypertension is to get medical guidance from an expert. We advise you to visit a doctor and get your checkup done. You can find the nearest doctor here: Find a physician. Stay safe, stay healthy.

Shradha

If I have hypertension, can it lead to a significant heart-related issue?

BPincontrol Team

Hello, Any heart-related problems can become severe overtime if avoided. It depends on your body type and other deciding factors that will become an issue for your heart. The best solution is to monitor your heart and try to keep your heart-rate normal. These can be done through various ways from eating healthy to exercising daily. Another solution would be to consult a physician. Take the expert advice and find a complete solution for this. Stay safe, stay healthy.

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